Myocarditis is a severe but rare disease in which the myocardium, or the middle muscular layer of the heart wall, becomes inflamed.
Myocarditis has the potential to impair the electrical function of the heart. As a result, the ability of the heart to pump blood decreases.
The disease may be acute and resolve rapidly. Alternatively, it could be persistent and last more than two weeks. In chronic cases, myocarditis can cause a heart attack, stroke, heart failure, or even death.
You should consult the Best Cardiologist in Lahore to prevent and treat the disease successfully.
What is the Cause of it?
The exact etiology of myocarditis is often unknown. Acute myocarditis is thought to have unknown causes 50% of the time, according to studies. This is known as idiopathic myocarditis.
When the cause is known, it is usually a viral infection (like a cold or flu), a bacterial infection (like streptococcus or diphtheria), or a fungal infection (like candidiasis). It can also be caused by medications, autoimmune illnesses, and toxic substances.
Signs and Symptoms of Myocarditis
The signs and symptoms of myocarditis vary and are related to either the inflammation of the myocardium or the weakening and malfunction of the heart muscle caused by the inflammation. While myocarditis can develop over a period of hours to months, patients often arrive with signs and symptoms similar to heart failure including shortness of breath, chest pain, fatigue, and palpitations.
Due to the fact that myocarditis frequently results from a viral infection, many patients have symptoms that are similar to those of a recent viral infection, such as a fever, rash, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, joint problems, fatigue, and loss of appetite.
How is Myocarditis Diagnosed?
Myocarditis must be diagnosed early to limit long-term heart damage. A healthcare professional will often examine you and use a stethoscope to listen to your heart to diagnose myocarditis.
Your heart health may be evaluated using blood and imaging testing. Imaging techniques can assist in the diagnosis and severity of myocarditis.
Blood tests, an electrocardiogram, a chest X-ray, an echocardiogram, a cardiac MRI scan, or a cardiac biopsy may be used to firmly diagnose myocarditis.
The cause and extent of the myocardial inflammation affect the course of myocarditis treatment. With the right treatment, myocarditis usually gets better, and the patient fully recovers.
Myocarditis may be treated with corticosteroids, cardiac drugs, diuretics, ventricular assist devices (VAD), or by addressing the underlying cause, such as an infection or autoimmune illness.
High levels of physical exercise can also raise the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) while you’re recovering. As a result, you may wish to refrain from strenuous exercise for at least 3 to 6 months following your diagnosis.
Other, more invasive operations may be carried out in the hospital if your myocarditis is serious and your heart is failing. It might be required to have a pacemaker or defibrillator implanted. When the heart is severely injured, doctors may consider a heart transplant which is the last option.
The prognosis for myocarditis is generally good. Many myocarditis patients will recover without experiencing any long-term detrimental effects on their hearts.
It is essential to remain patient during the healing process. Myocarditis episodes can sometimes be difficult to recover from, taking anywhere between 3 to 7 years. Dr. Syed Ali Haider, a renowned cardiologist in Karachi has dealt with many patients with myocarditis before. Schedule your visit now if you think you require medical attention.